Alternative cement clinkers
A critical analysis, taking into account a wide range of technical considerations, suggests that, with the exception of alkali-activated systems, there are only four classes of alternative clinker system that deserve serious attention with respect to global reductions in concrete-related CO2 emissions:
- (A) Reactive Belite-rich Portland cement (RBPC) clinkers,
- (B) Belite-Ye'elimite-Ferrite (BYF) clinkers,
- (C) Carbonatable Calcium Silicate clinkers (CCSC) and
- (D) Magnesium Oxides derived from Magnesium Silicates (MOMS).
A and B are “hydraulic” clinkers, (i.e. clinkers which harden by reaction with water,) C is a “carbonatable” clinker, (i.e. one which hardens by reaction with CO2 gas) and D can fall into both categories.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 114, December 2018, Pages 27-39.