Green nanocomposites from Salvia-based water-borne polyurethane-urea dispersions

Researchers have synthesised stable polyurethane-urea dispersions of small particle size. The incorporation of cellulose nanocrystals modulated soft and hard domains ordering ability.

Waterborne polyurethane-urea dispersions can provide suitable environmentally-friendly strategies to prepare novel materials. Image source: annca - Pixabay (symbol image).

Waterborne polyurethane-urea (WBPUU) dispersions, products having none or low contents of organic solvents, depending on the used synthesis process, can provide suitable environmentally-friendly strategies to prepare novel materials. Moreover, waterborne systems enable the incorporation of aqueous dispersible nanoentities and soluble additives, which provides a strategy to design versatile functional materials with tailored properties.

Having demonstrated in previous work the bacteriostatic properties of a 3 wt% Salvia-based WBPUU against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a new work is focused in the preparation of Salvia-based WBPUU added with cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) tackling the preparation of functional green nanocomposite films with increased mechanical properties.

Enhanced mechanical stiffness

Through this strategy, nanocomposites loaded with 1, 3 and 5 wt% of CNC were prepared, showing an effective CNC incorporation avoiding agglomerates. CNC addition is able to modulate soft and hard phase’s segregation, inducing enhanced mechanical stiffness, together with improved deformability, while retarding thermomechanical instability to higher temperatures.

The study has been published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 150, January 2021.

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