Corrosion resistance of a water-borne resin doped with graphene derivatives

A new work reports the effect of adding Graphene Oxide (GO) and reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) on the corrosion protection provided by a water-borne resin applied on a galvanised steel substrate.

A galvanised steel screw.
The rGO 0.05 wt% system displayed long-lasting protection properties.  Image source: analogicus - Pixabay (symbol image).

Three concentrations, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 (all wt%) were tested. The results were markedly affected not only by the concentration of particles but also by their nature. Although the zeta potential values suggested good dispersibility of the particles in the resin, certain aggregation was observed, mainly in rGO 0.1 wt% and rGO 0.15 wt% formulations. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique characterised the free films’ transport properties.

Interesting results

The results suggested that the aggregation strongly influenced the film morphology. The rGO 0.1 wt% and rGO 0.15 wt% formulations exhibited percolating pores that facilitated the electrolyte uptake through the films. The EIS technique was also used to study the protective performance of the films when applied to the metallic substrate. The results confirmed the harmful effect of the particle’s aggregation. The results were interesting for the rGO 0.05 wt% system, which displayed long-lasting protection properties. This performance was explained considering its good barrier properties and the zinc surface passivation by the generation of zincite, ZnO.

The study has been published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 173, December 2022.

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