Switching from superhydrophobicity to underwater superoleophobicity
The resulting transparent surface not only shows superhydrophobicity in air but also displays underwater superoleophobicity after treatment with acid.
Good abrasion resistance and chemical stability
This transition in wettability is reversible and can be repeated multiple times through adjusting the pH value on the surface. Moreover, this smart surface sustains its superhydrophobicity and underwater superoleophobicity after being abraded with sand or immersed into NaCl aqueous solutions for 7 days. This transparent surface may be useful for the development of swimsuits, microfluidic valves, automotive glass and solar cells.
The study is published in: Materials & Design, Volume 135, 5 December 2017.