Resistance of fly ash geopolymer binders
Geopolymer (GP) binders are an appealing alternative to Portland cement (PC) binders as they have the potential to reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the cement and concrete industry. However, their durability in aggressive environments needs thorough examination if they are to become a viable alternative to traditional PC materials. A new study investigated the effect of increasing slag content and activator dosage on the sulfuric acid resistance of fly ash GP binders. Their performance was also compared with that of neat PC mixes using various physical and microstructural techniques.
Superior sulfuric acid resistance
The results show that increasing the slag content of fly ash GPs decreases porosity, but makes the reaction products more susceptible to sulfuric acid attack. It was also found that increasing the alkaline activator dosage of fly ash GPs has little impact on sulfuric acid resistance. Finally, GP binders displayed superior sulfuric acid resistance than their PC counterparts.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 111, September 2018, Pages 23-40.