Possibilities of particle-bed 3D printing in concrete construction
A classification is proposed which considers the direct production of concrete components, the production of formwork as well as composite components by means of a permanent formwork. Three techniques are considered as relevant for concrete construction, i.e. selective binder activation, selective paste intrusion and binder jetting. Design as well as material aspects are addressed.
Latest research results and first applications
The underlying physics of fluid infiltration into the particle-bed and its effect on the properties of the hardened material are discussed on the basis of recent research results. Finally, the first applications of particle-bed 3D printing are presented which demonstrate the potential of this technique in concrete construction.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 112, October 2018, Pages 50-65.