Crosslinking features of clearcoats
Crosslinking characteristics and surface mechanical properties of radical and urethane dual-curable clearcoats were investigated by changing quantities of C=C bonds and OH groups in hydroxyl-functionalised urethane methacrylate oligomer (HFUMO) resins.
The isocyanate blocked with a thermal radical initiator (BL-Tri-cHD) was utilised as a hybrid dual-curable thermal crosslinker to expedite the crosslinking of the main resin. The dual reactions between various HFUMO resins and BL-Tri-cHD were efficiently monitored via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to measure the peaks before and after curing. The influence of each functional group (C=C bond or OH group) in HFUMO on the initiation and development of crosslinking in dual-curable clearcoats was investigated by real-time measurements using rotational rheometer and rigid body pendulum tester.
Optimised low-temperature curing
Temperature-dependent mechanical properties of cured films were confirmed through dynamic mechanical analysis. The surface mechanical properties of cured clearcoat films were also evaluated via the nanoindentation and nanoscratch tests, demonstrating the variation in surface resistance with respect to the C=C bond content and the OH value.
Thus, the low-temperature curing and desired mechanical properties of clearcoats can be optimised by adjusting the content of the functional groups in a HFUMO and using a dual-curable crosslinker to simultaneously generate both radical and urethane crosslinking reactions.
The study has been published in Journal of Coatings Technology and Research volume 18, 2021.