UV/thermal dual curing of tung oil-based polymers

Researchers recently investigated the UV/thermal dual curing of tung oil-based polymers induced by cationic photoinitiator.

Lacquers based on tung oil are used for the lacquering of wood. Source: artursfoto / Pixabay. -

With the increasing shortage of petroleum-based resources, the exploitation and application of the polymers derived from the renewable resources has becomes increasingly important for the industrial development. In a new work, in order to promote the direct application of tung oil in the coating field, the tung oil-based polymers with the excellent mechanical properties by using cationic photoinitiator as the “green” initiator were prepared. The cationic polymerisation mechanism and the optimal polymerisation conditions of methyl eleostearate (ME) induced by triarylsulfonium salt (TAS) are characterised via the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Heating treatment after UV irradiation necessary

The effects of different monomers on the properties of tung oil-based polymers and the post curing behaviors of the polymers are studied by dynamic mechanical test and microtensile test. The results display that the heating treatment after UV irradiation is necessary and favorable for the cationic polymerisation of ME induced by TAS. And the optimal reaction condition is 500 W of irradiation energy, 5 wt% of initiator concentration, 60 min of irradiation time, 100 °C of heating temperature and 3 h of heating time.

Tung oil-based polymers with good hydrophobicity

Moreover, tung oil-based polymers with good hydrophobicity can be obtained under the optimal reaction condition. In addition, adding 20 wt% divinylbenzene and 10 wt% styrene to the tung oil can effectively increase the mechanical properties and glass transition temperatures (Tg) of tung oil-based polymers.

The study is published in: Progress in Organic Coatings Volume 126, January 2019, Pages 8-17.

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