Synthesis and properties of fluorinated non-isocyanate polyurethanes coatings
To improve the chemical resistance of non-isocyanate polyurethane (NIPU), two kinds of diglycidyl ether, bisphenol AF (E-AF) and perfluorooctyl glycidyl ether (PFGE), were selected to synthesise two different cyclic carbonates, bisphenol AF (EC-AF) and perfluorooctyl cyclic carbonate (PFGC), respectively. These cyclic carbonates were successfully used to prepare fluorine-containing non-isocyanate polyurethane coatings.
The effects of PFGC amounts on the properties of NIPU were studied, and it was found that the contact angles of water, diiodomethane, and hexadecane were increased with the addition of PFGC and up to 106.7°, 80.2°, and 72.7°, respectively, whereas the pendulum hardness of NIPU coatings relatively decreased with the increase in PFGC contents.
Excellent hydrophobic/oleophobic and corrosion resistance properties.
The NIPU coatings exhibited excellent flexibility, adhesion, and impact resistance. They also displayed good thermal stability with 5% weight loss temperature (T5%) ranging from 249 to 271°C. Moreover, these coatings possessed very low water uptake, excellent hydrophobic/oleophobic properties, and corrosion resistance properties.
The study is published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research September 2019, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 1233–1241.