Effect of UVA photocatalysis on soot-coated TiO2-containing mortars
In this study, the self-cleaning effect of TiO2-containing mortars coated with diesel soot has been appraised under laboratory conditions. The mortar samples were manufactured using lime putty and two different doses of TiO2 (2.5% and 5%). The lime mortars were then coated with diesel engine soot and irradiated with ultraviolet A (UVA) illumination for 30 days. The photocatalytic efficiency was evaluated by visual inspection, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and colour spectrophotometry. Changes in the chemical composition of the soot particles (including persistent organic pollutants) were assessed by analytical pyrolysis (Py-GC/MS) and solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy.
Self-cleaning effect ater UV exposure
The FESEM and colour spectrophotometry revealed that the soot-coated TiO2-containing mortars promoted a self-cleaning effect after UVA irradiation. The combination of analytical pyrolysis and 13C solid state NMR showed that the UVA irradiation caused the cracking of polycyclic aromatic structures and n-alkyl compounds of the diesel soot and its transformation into methyl polymers. The findings also revealed that the inclusion of TiO2 in the lime mortar formulations catalysed these transformations promoting the self-cleaning of the soot-stained mortars. The combined action of TiO2 and UVA irradiation is a promising proxy to clean lime mortars affected by soot deposition.
The study is published in: Science of The Total Environment, Volumes 605–606, 15 December 2017, Pages 147–157