Controlled fertiliser release via tunable poly(vinyl alcohol)/ammonium sulfate-coated nonwoven materials

In a recent study, nonwoven fabrics were coated with two different ammonium sulfate fertilizer loadings (27.75% and 55.50%) by using two different poly(vinyl alcohol) types (high and low molecular weight).

Poly(vinyl alcohol) coating amounts were adjusted to 60 and 120 g/m2. (symbol image). Image source: deepakrit / Pixabay. -

The poly(vinyl alcohol) coating amounts were adjusted to 60 and 120 g/m2.

In order to study the effect of poly(vinyl alcohol) crosslinking on fertiliser release, a glutaraldehyde (GA) crosslinking agent was used in two different ratios (GA/PVOH ratio: 0.01 or 1). A concentration of 0.01 GA was insufficient for PVOH crosslinking, and water absorption capacity was reduced with increasing poly(vinyl alcohol) and glutaraldehyde loading amount. Fertiliser release was affected mostly by molecular weight and loading amounts of poly(vinyl alcohol) and fertiliser.

Controlled fertiliser release

It was possible to achieve controlled fertiliser release when the nonwoven fabric was coated at 120 g/m2 with high molecular weight poly(vinyl alcohol) containing 55.50% ammonium sulfate fertilizer in the absence of glutaraldehyde.

The study has been published in Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, Volume 16.

Image source: Pixabay.

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