Effect of moisture migration and water vapour pressure build-up on concrete spalling type
An experiment is conducted on concrete specimens with various W/Bs by applying two different heating rates: fast and slow heating. It is confirmed that the moisture migration and water vapour pressure within the concrete differ, depending upon the W/B and heating rate. For HSC with W/B less than 0.33, surface spalling occurs due to the formation of moisture clogs on the surfaces of the concrete specimens, under the fast heating condition.
Explosive spalling due to boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion
For HSC with dense microstructures, although moisture clogs are not formed at specific positions within the concrete specimens, explosive spalling occurs due to boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE) in the concrete pores, under the slow heating condition.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 116, February 2019, Pages 1-10.
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