Effect of titanium dioxide on UV stability of polymeric binder films
The latexes employed in this study are based on acrylic, styrene-acrylic, vinyl acetate and vinyl acetate-butyl acrylate (co)polymers. Thin films obtained from the respective latexes doped with 1% TiO2 were exposed to accelerated weathering by irradiation with UV light (λ ≥ 275 nm) and analysed using electrokinetic potential (ζ-potential), FTIR ATR spectroscopy, SEM microscopy and contact angle.
Most stable: TiO2-doped vinyl acetate-based latexes
The study shows that while rutile particles dispersed evenly in all the polymer matrices, the anatase remained partly aggregated. Despite markedly different optical properties, both titania polymorphs showed similar and minor effects on accelerated weathering of all the polymeric binders. The trends in surface charge and wettability remained the same as for the undoped films. More pronounced changes were observed in spectroscopic measurements, which probe the films deeper into the bulk. For the styrene-based films a photochemical interaction between TiO2 and the styrene chromophore resulted in quenching the absorption band of the titania's photogenerated surface-trapped holes.
The study is published in: Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 85, August 2015, Pages 123-130.