Replacing phenol in adhesive formulations with lignin
In this study, the phenol portion of phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin has been replaced by an agricultural-based lignin, which was produced as a byproduct of a cellulosic bioethanol process through dilute-acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis from corn stover.
No difference between shear strengths
The PF resol resin was formulated using isolated lignin under alkaline condition. Chemical, physical, and thermal properties of the isolated lignin, PF resin and adhesive were measured. The lignin-based adhesive and a commercially formulated phenol resorcinol formaldehyde (PRF) were used to prepare single-lap-joint samples for mechanical testing. The plywood samples were pressed under exactly the same conditions (time, temperature, and pressure) as what recommended for the commercial PRF formulation. According to the results, statistically there was no significant difference between the shear strengths of plywood samples made with 100% lignin-based adhesive and those made with the commercial PRF resin.
The study is published in: J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, Volume 134, August 10, 2017.