Functional coatings: Versatile and efficient method to fabricate durable superhydrophobic surfaces
This method employs various nanoparticles (i.e., SiO2 and TiO2) in combination with vinyltriethoxysilane (VTES) modification under gravity and pressure.
Surfaces sustain different types of abrasion
The obtained superhydrophobic surfaces exhibited water contact angles greater than 150° and water sliding angles less than 4.5°. The superhydrophobicity of the coated surfaces was created by the random distribution of oligomer-wrapped nanoparticles having different sizes and shapes, and the oligomer originated from the hydrolysed VTES. All superhydrophobic surfaces were able to sustain different types of abrasion, including finger wiping, brushing, and knife scratching. The mechanical durability of these superhydrophobic surfaces, with the exception of cloth and textiles, maintained the original superhydrophobicity even after intense sandpaper-induced abrasion.
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Excellent self-cleaning properties
The excellent tolerance against vigorous abrasions was attributed to the hierarchical structure and strong interfacial adhesion of the coatings. Furthermore, all surfaces survived under the environmental conditions of 35°C and 90% RH for 96 h. It was confirmed that these surfaces exhibited excellent self-cleaning and oil/water separation properties. The modification method developed in this work provides a facile, efficient route to fabricate large-scale, mechanically stable, and durable superhydrophobic surfaces for a wide range of potential applications.
The study is published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Issue 37, 2016