Chemical cross-linking of polyurea spray coatings

In a new work, scientists demonstrate the effect of introducing chemical cross-linking on the mechanical, thermal and structural properties of spray coated polyurea.

The introduction of long-chain amine improved the characteristic properties of the polyurea coating. Source: doctor-a / Pixabay. -

Among the many desirable properties of polymeric coatings, the most important include ease of application, rapid cure time, adhesive properties and excellent mechanical properties. In this context, spray coated polyureas are finding increasing applications in niche areas that otherwise pose considerable challenge to the traditional coating chemistries.

Variation of the crosslinker component

A long chain trifunctional amine was introduced as a co-reactant in the resin blend, the amount of crosslinker being varied from 0 to 3.5 mol % (crosslinking density 28–180 mol/m3, affine network model). The mechanical properties of spray coated polyurea films, both in quasi-static as well as dynamic conditions were determined. Physically crosslinked polyurea coatings (in the absence of chemical cross-linking) exhibited tensile strength ∼ 7.4 ± 0.7 MPa and elongation of 121 ± 3.7%.

Improvement of the characteristic properties

Introduction of long chain amine led to an improvement in these characteristic properties till maxima at 2.2 mol%, subsequent to which both strength and elongation decreased. Chemical cross-linking led to restraining of the segmental motions reflecting in terms of increased glass transition temperature, as evidenced by dynamic mechanical analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The chemical resistance of polyurea also improved substantially due to crosslinking, which reflected in terms of decreased swelling ratio in different organic media.

The study is published in: Progress in Organic Coatings Volume 123, October 2018, Pages 201-208.

Image source: Pixabay

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