Silica fume and fly ash lightweight concrete in harsh marine environment
Concrete specimens (305 × 305 × 915 mm [1 × 1 × 3 ft.]) were casting using W/CM in the range of 0.26 to 0.60. The depth of chloride penetration was greater than 90 mm (3.5 in.) for all the control specimens (without fly ash and silica fume). However, mixes containing both silica fume and fly ash (with W/CM ranging from 0.40 to 0.60) performed very well resulting in chloride penetration of approximately 40 mm (1.6 in.) during the same period.
The results from the chloride permeability testing also indicate significant increases in the resistance to chloride-ion penetration for ternary concrete containing fly ash and silica fume.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 113, November 2018, Pages 65-73.
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