Review: Advances in steel surface treatment via green conversion coatings

A new a review study focuses on recent advances in the steel surface treatment via novel/green conversion coatings for anti-corrosion applications.

A new study has aimed to review the recent attempts that have been made to address the toxicity issue of conversion coatings. Image source: MichaelGaida - Pixabay (symbol image).

Replacing the chromate and phosphate conversion coatings (CCs) with nontoxic ones has played a key role in CC research in recent years. Although considerable efforts have been devoted to discovering and modifying the toxic CC alternatives, much of the research has been restricted to a few numbers of green CCs.

Addressing the toxicity issue of CCs

A new study has aimed to review the recent attempts that have been made in this area of research to address the toxicity issue of CCs, with a focus on the steel substrate. It includes investigations on different CCs: cerium (CeCC), neodymium (NdCC), lanthanum (LaCC), zirconium (ZrCC), titanium (TiCC), trivalent chromium (TCC), molybdate (MoCC), silicate (SiCC), and silane (SilCC). Surface studies, electrochemical measurements, CCs’ comparison, and film formation mechanisms were summarized. Imparting adhesion to the steel/organic coating interface or the delamination of the organic coating was discussed.

Moreover, the influence of several steel substrates (coated and uncoated) and solution parameters (pH, temperature, concentration, stirring, and immersion time) on the CCs properties were outlined. Various methods (such as additives, heat treatment, and subsequent film treatment) that have been employed to improve the green CCs properties and make them comparable to their harmful counterparts were explored.

The review has been published in Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, Volume 19, 2022.

Event tip

Anti-corrosive and protectiver coatings are in the focus of the EC Webconference Protective Coatings at 8 and 9 March. At the virtual conference you will also get insights on new developments in binder, additive and pigment technology for protective coatings.

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