Evaluating the barrier properties of fire retardant polymer systems
In an article, a novel and simple characterisation method based on atmosphere permeability is proposed to quantitatively evaluate the barrier property: an incombustible fabric carrier coated with the flame retardant polymer solution, is carbonised at high temperature to make the produced char residue adhered to the fabric.
Very helpful method
As the interfibrous gaps are filled and closed by the chars, the atmosphere permeability of the heated fabric decreases compared with that of original one. Their difference value can really reflect the contribution of the charring residue to the barrier property. This method combined with other characterisations including residue morphology observation, vertical burning test, limiting oxygen index, and calorimetric analysis, is very helpful to reveal the correlation between the flame retardance and barrier property of the char residue, evaluate the flame retardant efficiency in the condense phase, and estimate the corresponding flame retardant mechanisms.
The study is published in: J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45102.