Carbonation of alkali-activated slag mortars
The long-term durability and their mechanisms of alkali-activated cement based materials have remained largely elusive. In a new paper, carbonation of alkali-activated slag (AAS) mortars activated by NaOH and waterglass with different alkali dosages and silicate moduli has been investigated after exposure to 3 ± 0.2% (v/v) CO2 at 20 ± 2 °C/65 ± 5% RH for 56 days.
Increase of carbonation resistance
The results show that carbonation resistance of the AAS mortars increases with increase of not only alkali dosage but also silicate modulus. In addition to the higher pore solution alkalinity and slag reaction extent, the relatively higher carbonation resistance of the AAS mortars is attributed to the lower porosity and average pore size.
The loss of compressive strength for the waterglass activated slag mortars after carbonation is due to decalcification of C-A-S-H phase, whereas the carbonation of katoite contributes to the increase of compressive strength of the NaOH activated slag mortars.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 113, November 2018, Pages 55-64.