Bio-based flame-retardant coatings
In the work, a novel bio-based phosphorus-containing reagent was synthesised and characterised. To obtain a flame retardant agent with acid functionality, 9, 10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) and bio-based itaconic acid were first reacted. The synthesised acid then was reacted with glycidyl methacrylate to form a difunctional phosphorus-containing methacrylate flame retardant monomer. The flame retardant monomer was added to a reactive monomer matrix with a photoinitiator to prepare UV-curable coatings.
The flame retardant behavior of coatings was determined using limiting oxygen index. Thermal behaviors of the films were studied by thermal gravimetric analysis. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy was used to determine the elemental composition and to observe the morphology of the coatings. The properties (water adsorption, gel content, etc.) of the coatings were also studied. It was found that the addition of DOPO resulted in a significant improvement in the flame retardant and thermal properties of the coatings.
The study has been published in Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, Volume 20, Issue 4, July 2023.
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