Workability and strength performance of blended cements
The effect of fly ash addition and different water-to-cementitious ratios was also evaluated.
The results show that the SO3 content of the blended cements, and the ratio of calcined clay to limestone, can be optimised for maximum strength depending on the content of early soluble and total reactive alumina in the calcined clay. Workability is strongly affected by the calcined clay content, particularly for the 1:1 clay which greatly reduces the efficiency of superplasticiser (SP) required for achieving acceptable flow even at higher w/c ratios. On the other hand, delayed addition of the SP and/or the addition of fly ash significantly improve rheology of any binder containing calcined clay and maximise strength for same workability at a given clinker content in the paste.
The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research, Volume 101, November 2017, Pages 1-12