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4. Mar 2019 | Application Areas

Cardanol derived P and Si based precursors for flame retardant PU coatings

In a recent study, novel P- and Si-based precursors were synthesised and successfully integrated in the PU backbone for flame retardant applications.

Many matches in a row next to each other, in between a burnt one.

Flame retardancy of the cured films was checked using the limiting oxygen index (LOI) and UL- 94 vertical burning test. Source: VRD –

In the evolving resin world, people are trying to develop the resins from bio-resources with the properties similar to or superior to the commercial resins. A new research work presents an attempt to develop the flame-retardant coating from cardanol as a starting material. The two intermediates obtained using Phenylphosphonic dichloride (PPDC) and Dichlorodimethylsilane (DCDMS) are used in the development of polyurethane backbone in various proportions. Itaconic acid (IA) based polyol was used as a chain extender for curing. Characterisation of the intermediates obtained was done using the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, acid value, hydroxyl value, epoxy value, etc. All the characterisations showed that the required products have been formed.

Flame-retardant coating from cardanol

The coated films showed similar mechanical properties which were analysed using flexibility, impact resistance and pencil hardness. The gel content and water absorption values obtained are inversely proportional to each other which can be correlated with the barrier properties of the films. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that the FR50 produced the maximum amount of char and FR100 had the highest Tg with the value of 81.68 °C. Flame retardancy of the cured films was checked using the limiting oxygen index (LOI) and UL- 94 vertical burning test. All the coating films with the developed precursors were able to self-extinguish the fire within 10 s and FR50 obtained 29 as the highest value of LOI.

The study is published in: Progress in Organic Coatings Volume 129, April 2019, Pages 59-68.

EC Library Polyurethanes



The chemistry of polyurethane coatings is of great significance in many applications worldwide. Moreover, their development potential has yet to be exhausted by any means. New applications are being identified and the product range will be further development. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the chemistry and the various possible application fields of polyurethanes. It starts by illustrating the principles of polyurethane chemistry, enabling the reader to understand the current significance of many applications and special developments. Newcomers learn about the key concepts of polyurethane chemistry and the main application technologies, while experienced specialists will value the insights on current trends and changes.


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