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22. Sep 2022 | Application Areas

Novel bio-based flame retardant

A new study presents a way of omproving the fire performance and washing durability of nylon-cotton blend fabrics by the incorporation taurine derivatives.
A recently lit match against a black background.
The study proposes a feasible method to produce durable flame retardant NYCO fabrics by using taurine derivatives. 
Image source: roegger - Pixabay (symbol image).

The incorporation of biological resources for developing flame retardant is a promising approach to fabricate durable flame retardant fabrics. Now, a novel bio-based flame retardant ammonium salt of taurine phosphonate (PTau) was successfully synthesised from taurine and grafted onto the nylon-cotton (NYCO) blend fabrics by covalent bonds. Both the flame retardancy and washing durability of PTau treated NYCO fabrics were improved significantly. The limiting oxygen index (LOI) value of PTau-NYCO fabric was increased from 18.5 % to 36.7 % and the damaged length was reduced from 30.0 cm to 5.6 cm during the vertical burning test. The flame retardancy of PTau-NYCO fabric was well preserved with the LOI value of 29.2 % after 40 laundering cycles.

Feasible method

Cone calorimeter test indicated that the PTau-NYCO fabric decreased the peak heat release rate from 207.7 kW/m2 to 77.5 kW/m2, and the total heat release rate from 10.5 MJ/m2 to 5.6 MJ/m2, respectively, compared with that of the control NYCO fabric. The flame retardant mechanism showed that PTau was beneficial to form the char layer and generate nonflammable gases. In general, the work proposes a feasible method to produce durable flame retardant NYCO fabrics by using taurine derivatives.

The study has been published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 171, October 2022.

EC Techb Report Sustainability


EC Tech Report Sustainability

Making coating systems more environmentally compatible is a burning issue for everyone in the industry, and one that is being fuelled by the European Green Deal. Learn all you need to know about sustainable coatings, how to produce coatings in a more environmentally friendly way and how to give coated products a longer service life. You will find an overview in the EC Tech Report of the many various approaches being adopted. We will dive deep into the European Green Deal, its key points and main purpose as well as consequences for the coating industry, see which new raw materials are being developed to replace or lower the content of products in the SVHC group and learn about different approaches to sustainable paint formulation.

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