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31. Dec 2021 | Application Areas

Micron-scale film with noise reduction characteristics

A thin film with noise reduction characteristics was constructed on the surface of woven fabric. The sound transmission loss of the structure reached 9.5 dB.
According to the researchers, the study will open up the application of thin fabrics in the field of acoustic protection.
Image source: DeltaWorks - Pixabay (symbol image).

Decorative textiles such as curtains and wall-cloth have the characteristics of sound absorption and sound insulation to reduce the external noise annoyance. In a new study, a film with controllable thickness was constructed on a woven fabric's surface by ultrasonic precision spraying to reduce noise. Influences of fabric structure, film thickness, filler distribution, filler content and type on the sound transmission loss (STL) of the flexible sound insulator were investigated. From the results, the film sealed the tiny pores on the fabric surface and increased the reflection of sound energy, which leading to excellent sound insulation performance of the structure. Furthermore, sound energy can be effectively absorbed by this structure.

Sound insulator can be significantly changed

When the thickness of the film was about 50 μm and the filler was vermiculite, the flexible sound insulator exhibited the best sound insulation performance: the STL reached 9.5 dB, which was about three times that of the substrate. It is worth noting that the STL of the sound insulator can be significantly changed by adjusting the distribution of filler. According to the researchers, the study will open up the application of thin fabrics in the field of acoustic protection.

The study has been published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Volume 162, January 2022.

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