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Home  > Raw materials & technologies  > Technologies  > Waterborne coatings  > Preparing an epoxy-modified tung oil water...

Tuesday, 17 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Technologies, Waterborne coatings

Preparing an epoxy-modified tung oil waterborne insulation varnish

Monday, 7 September 2015

A study aimed to develop a novel epoxy-modified tung oil waterborne insulation varnish with blocked hexamethylene diisocyanate as a curing agent.

The varnish may have potential as insulation varnish for the spindle of electric motors. Source: sprisi/pixelio.de

The varnish may have potential as insulation varnish for the spindle of electric motors. Source: sprisi/pixelio.de

The Diels-Alder reaction between tung oil and maleic anhydride, and the ring-opening esterification reaction of epoxy resin were confirmed. The conversion rate of epoxy was explored as a function of reaction time and temperature. The effects of epoxy resin content on the thermal stability, water absorption and insulation properties (insulation strength, volume resistivity, and surface resistivity) of films were investigated, and the resistances of films to salted water were evaluated.

Resin content at 25% was appropriate

The increase in epoxy resin contents could improve the thermal stability and insulation properties of films, and decreased the water adsorption of films, but when the epoxy resin content reached 30% and above, the water solubility of resin became poor. After being immersed in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution, the electrical insulation strength of films were lower than that in dry state, and decreased as the immersed time prolonged. In particular, the electrical insulation strength loss of films increased significantly for epoxy resin content at 15% and below. Furthermore, the increase of epoxy resin content could improve the hardness and adhesion of films, but the flexibility of films became worse. On the basis of experimental, the epoxy resin content at 25% was appropriate to prepare waterborne epoxy-modified tung oil resin. The resulting varnish may have potential as an immersing insulation varnish for the spindle of electric motors.

The study is published in: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 132, Issue 45, December 5, 2015

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