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Monday, 16 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Technologies, Functional coatings

Using chitosan as potent candidate for green adhesive market

Monday, 16 February 2015

Chitosan has gained significant attention during last decades as a potent natural adhesive. Its lower concentrations (<10% w/v) offer competitive strength as synthetic adhesives which would reduce economic constrains of adhesive production.

The development of cost-effective, environmental and health-friendly green adhesives, based on renewable resources is a main interest of the adhesive industries these days. Source: Okea/Fotolia
The development of cost-effective, environmental and health-friendly green adhesives, based on renewable resources is a main interest of the adhesi...

There is increasing commercial interest on chitosan as it possesses biodegradability, biocompatibility, non-toxicity and anti-microbial properties which are of high interest for industries and consumers. Moreover, it has reactive amino side groups, which offer possibilities of chemical modification, increased ionic interactions and graft-reactions etc. Degree of deacetylation (DD) and molecular weight (Mw) is important in bonding mechanism.

Higher degree of deacytylation improves adhesion

Most of the synthetic adhesives are comprised of petrochemicals that leave toxic residues such as formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are injurious to health and environment. Therefore, development of cost-effective, environmental and health-friendly green adhesives, based on renewable resources is main interest of adhesive industries these days. Rising oil prices are another driving force in research for development of bioadhesives as substitute of synthetic adhesives. This review is focused on current developments of chitosan adhesives for structural and general bonding applications during last decades as well as its current market potential worldwide.

The study is published in: Biochemical Engineering Journal, In Press.

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