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Wednesday, 16 October 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Technologies

Castor oil-based waterborne hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate emulsions

Wednesday, 18 September 2019

Synthesis, characterisation, and coating performance of castor oil (CO) based water-borne hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate (WHPUA) emulsions for UV-curable coatings are highlighted in a current work.

The researchers prepared three types of castor oil-based WHPUA emulsions. Source: Picture Partners – stock.adobe.com.

The researchers prepared three types of castor oil-based WHPUA emulsions. Source: Picture Partners – stock.adobe.com.

A second-generation CO-based hyperbranched polyester (C20) was synthesised by introducing the renewable CO as a B3 core and dimethylolpropionic acid as an AB2 monomer via a pseudo-one-pot condensation procedure. Three types of CO-based WHPUA emulsions were prepared through the addition of the hyperbranched C20 with maleic anhydride (MA) and the isocyanate-bearing semiadduct (IPDI-HEA) at different MA/IPDI-IH molar ratios without the addition of any emulsifiers. The prepared emulsions were further formulated into UV-curable coating formulations and exposed to a medium-pressure mercury lamp.

WHPUA emulsions as environmentally friendly coatings

Consequently, the obtained UV-cured coatings exhibited outstanding adhesion performance, excellent transparency, and an acceptable degree of final double bond conversion. Owing to a relatively low concentration of hydrophilic units and a large number of acrylate functionalities in the water-borne oligomer, the obtained films were endowed with high crosslinking density and low hydrophilic nature, thus producing enhanced tensile strength, pencil hardness, water resistance, and chemical resistance. Due to their combination of renewable materials, a water-borne system and a UV-curing technique, these CO-based WHPUA emulsions offer promising opportunities to be used as environmentally friendly coatings.

The study is published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research  March 2019, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 415–428.

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