Please wait.'

Page is loading'


Home  > Raw materials & technologies  > Technologies  > Bio-inspired transparent structural colour...

Wednesday, 16 October 2019
pdf
Raw materials & technologies, Technologies

Bio-inspired transparent structural colour film

Tuesday, 23 July 2019

The transparent wings of insects with intelligent structural colours or good invisibility in different surroundings provide them with unique camouflage capability and were therefore used as model for a recent study.

The researchers were inspired by the existence of ordered biological nanostructures on the surface of insect wings. Source: MabelAmber / Pixabay.

The researchers were inspired by the existence of ordered biological nanostructures on the surface of insect wings. Source: MabelAmber / Pixabay.

Inspired by the existence of ordered biological nanostructures on the surface of the wings, freestanding composite photonic crystal (PC) films were prepared by infiltrating polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS, n = 1.41) into the interstices of a highly ordered opal PC using poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA, n = 1.49) spheres as building blocks. The appropriate refractive index contrast (Δn = 0.08) endowed the composite film with high transparency and vivid structural colours. Consequently, the PC film was invisible in shaded surroundings and showed brilliant structural colour under sunlight.

Potential application in biomimetic camouflage and smart stealth materials

Also, 186, 229 and 257 nm PMMA spheres were used to obtain composite PC films with different structural colours. Moreover, as a proof of concept, a biomimetic dragonfly-shaped film was fabricated using a patterned substrate. When it was placed on a green tree under sunlight, abundant structural colours appeared at different specular viewing angles. However, it camouflaged in the environment when the shadows of the green tree shielded the sunlight or when viewed in non-specular angles with sunshine. This unique property indicated their potential applications in biomimetic camouflage and smart stealth materials for bionic machines.

The study is published in: Nanoscale, 2019, Issue 28.

Image Source: Pixabay

top of page
Comments (0)
Add Comment

Post comment

You are not logged in

register