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Monday, 16 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Technologies

Antifogging surface facilitated by nanoscale coatings with controllable hydrophobicity

Monday, 28 November 2016

Antifogging and frost-resistant coatings can be used in a wide range of applications and enable high light transmission through substrates even under changes in environmental conditions. In a study, Australian researchers generate nanoscale antifogging surfaces.

A fog-free future - nanoscale antifogging surfaces. Source: uschi dreiucker/pixelio.de

A fog-free future - nanoscale antifogging surfaces. Source: uschi dreiucker/pixelio.de

Surface confined and cross-linked antifogging thin films are fabricated on glass slides via catalyst induced cross-linking (CIC), which has been recently introduced as an easy and efficient cross-linking methodology. Four different poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based polymers with different hydrophilicity are synthesised and used to prepare films via CIC.

Loosely cross-linked films retain antifogging ability for longer time periods

Films prepared from the most hydrophilic PEG-based polymers display the best antifogging performances when exposed to a temperature change from -20 to 22°C. Furthermore, several parameters including cross-linking density, surface roughness, hydrophobicity, and exposure time are also evaluated in terms of film transparency. Through these measurements, it is determined that, more loosely cross-linked films retain antifogging ability for longer time periods due to higher film swellability as compared to, more highly cross-linked films. This study signifies the crucial role of the film cross-linking density and hydrophilicity on the antifogging function.

The study is published in: Macromolecular Materials and Engineering.

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