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Wednesday, 17 October 2018
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials

Synthesis and characterization of castor oil-based polyurethane acrylate

Monday, 12 February 2018

In a recently published paper scientists propose the synthesis and characterization of novel renewable castor oil-based UV-curable polyfunctional polyurethane acrylate as eco-friendly alternative to the use of petrochemicals in coatings.

UV-curable castor oil-based polyfunctional polyurethane acrylate can be used as eco-friendly material for coatings. Source: Andrey Maltsev – Fotolia.com.
UV-curable castor oil-based polyfunctional polyurethane acrylate can be used as eco-friendly material for coatings. Source: Andrey Maltsev – Fotoli...

In recent years, a lot of interest has been given to renewable resources for their environmental friendliness and potential biodegradability in the synthesis of urethane-derived polymers. In this work, UV-curable castor oil-based polyfunctional polyurethane acrylate (COPUA) was prepared by the reaction of isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) with castor oil and pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA). The structures and molecular weights of the targeted IPDI–PETA and COPUA were characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, and GPC, respectively. In addition, the effect of reactive diluent content on damping properties, thermal stabilities, and mechanical properties of COPUA was characterized by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and universal test machine.

Thermal stability and good hydrophobicity

DMA revealed the copolymers had a glass transition temperature (Tg) from 31.81 to 48.09°C. TGA showed that thermal initial decomposition temperatures were above 344.5°C, indicating the copolymers had certain thermal stability. Finally, some physical properties of curing films were studied by the contact angle and water absorption, and the results showed that the coatings exhibited good hydrophobicity. The COPUA obtained from castor oil can be used as eco-friendly materials and other applications alternative to the use of other petrochemicals in coatings.

The study is published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research  January 2018, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 77–85.

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