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Home  > Raw materials & technologies  > Raw materials  > Polyurethane with an ionic liquid crosslinker

Wednesday, 12 December 2018
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials

Polyurethane with an ionic liquid crosslinker

Monday, 20 August 2018

A recently published investigation reports on the synthesis of a new class of ionic liquid crosslinked shape-memory polyurethane (PU-IL).

Recently scientists developed a new class of super shape memory-like polymers. Source: kasto – stock.adobe.com.

Recently scientists developed a new class of super shape memory-like polymers. Source: kasto – stock.adobe.com.

It is based on polycaprolactone diol and 4,4′-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate) (MDI) and can overcome the major drawbacks of conventional shape-memory polyurethanes. In this case, the ionic liquid crosslinker in PU-IL exhibited not only a higher shape-recovery ratio (98%), but also showed excellent shape-fixity (98%). In the second cycle of the cyclic tensile test, PU-IL showed almost complete shape recovery while maintaining excellent shape fixity. The higher shape-fixity value in PU-IL was also supported by its higher crystallisation and melting enthalpy, as evidenced by DSC analysis.

Reduction of glass transition temperature

The properties of this PU-IL were compared with those of conventional linear PU having 1,4 butanediol (BDO) as a chain extender as well as of non-ionic crosslinked PU using trimethylolpropane (TMP). Ionic liquid as a crosslinker reduced the glass transition temperature (Tg), whereas the non-ionic crosslinker increased the Tg. Interestingly, the soft segment crystallinity as well as melting enthalpy of PU-IL is higher than that of PU-BDO, whereas no melting or crystallisation peak was observed in the DSC thermograms of PU-TMP.

Support by DMA analysis

The DSC results were supported by DMA analysis. The higher Tg and the absence of a soft domain melting transition indicated complete intermixing of hard and soft phases in PU-TMP, but the ionic interaction in PU-IL restricted this. Inter-domain mixing in PU-TMP was also supported by the absence of a scattering peak in SAXS analysis. FT-IR spectroscopy showed stronger hydrogen bonding in PU-BDO followed by PU-TMP and PU-IL.

The study is published in: Polymer Chemistry, Issue 31, 2018.

Event tip:

If you want to learn more about polyurethanes and their role in the coatings business, you should visit the European Coatings Seminar Polyurethane Coatings in September in Amsterdam.

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