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Wednesday, 17 July 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials

Fines content affects packing density in concrete

Wednesday, 16 April 2014

The fines content (particles finer than 75μm) in aggregate has substantial effects on the performance of concrete.

The fines content in aggregate affects the performance of concrete
Source: Roman Milert - Fotolia.com

The fines content in aggregate affects the performance of concrete
Source: Roman Milert - Fotolia.com

Since the fines content has large surface area that would increase the water demand, maximum limits are often imposed. However, the fines content would also fill into the voids between larger particles to increase the packing density and thus reduce the volume of voids to be filled with cement paste. Hence, the fines content is not entirely undesirable and it has been suggested to raise the limits on the fines content. Somehow, due to measurement difficulties, the effects of fines content on the packing density are still not well understood.

In a study, the packing density of fine aggregate with varying fines content was measured using both the dry and wet packing methods. It was found that under wet condition, the highest packing density generally occurs at a fines content of about 15%.

The study is published in: Construction and Building Materials, Volume 61, 30 June 2014, Pages 270-277.

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