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Sunday, 22 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials, Coatings pigments

Influence of atmospheric plasma spraying on the properties of TiO2 coatings

Friday, 4 March 2016

A paper reports the synthesis of nine TiO2 coatings onto Inconel alloy substrates by means of atmospheric plasma spray (APS).

Atmospheric plasma spraying allows controlling the structural parameters of TiO<custom name='sub'>2</custom> coatings. Source: fablok/Fotolia.com

Atmospheric plasma spraying allows controlling the structural parameters of TiO2 coatings. Source: fablok/Fotolia.com

Titanium dioxide is a widely available material which possesses outstanding properties, chemical stability and low cost. Spanish researchers report the synthesis of nine TiO2 coatings from three commercial TiO2 rutile and anatase and TiO2-x sub-oxide powders onto Inconel alloy substrates by means of atmospheric plasma spray (APS).

Roughness is an influential parameters

The influence of this thermally-activating technique on TiO2 powder feedstocks, the role of its spraying conditions as well as the importance of the final active behavior of the coatings were studied. The performance of the coatings as photoanodes in the solar photoelectrocatalysis (SPEC) treatment of a model azo dye was explored. APS spraying parameters were selected in order to achieve a well-bonded coating, a determined thickness and a specific surface roughness. Moreover, Argon feeding gas of plasma torch played an important role in the quick melting process, particularly related to the heat transferred to the TiO2 particles and the achievement of non-stoichiometric TiO2.

The prepared coatings were coupled to an air-diffusion cathode inside a photoelectrochemical cell and directly exposed to sunlight irradiation. Through XRD, SEM and surface characterisation of the different coatings, the properties of the best TiO2 material for the dye degradation by SPEC were elucidated.

The study is published in: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Volume 189, 15 July 2016, Pages 151–159.

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