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Monday, 16 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials, Coatings binders

Styrenated sucrose ester resins successfully synthesised

Monday, 8 July 2013

Coating properties of styrenated sucrose esters of soybean fatty acids were found to be comparable to a commercial styrenated alkyd while having lower volatile organic content.

Styrenated sucrose esters of soybean fatty acids were successfully synthesised

Source: Alexander Raths/Fotolia

Styrenated sucrose esters of soybean fatty acids were successfully synthesised

Source: Alexander Raths/Fotolia

In a new study, Thomas J. Nelson and Dean C. Webster of North Dakota State University successfully synthesised styrenated sucrose esters of soy bean fatty acids. The coating properties were found to be comparable to a commercial styrenated alkyd while having lower volatile organic content at comparable solids content.

A series of reactions were performed which varied the percent styrene incorporated into the resin. The dry time was significantly reduced as the styrene content increased which was a result of having more hard polystyrene chain segments. Tack-free times of ≈30 min were observed for resins containing high amounts of polystyrene. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy indicated residual bisallylic hydrogens were present which are capable of further crosslinking through autoxidation after film application. The addition of cobalt and zinc driers reduced the drying time which indicates that autoxidation is occurring. Furthermore, the styrenation reaction was extended to make water-reducible resins. These resins were crosslinked with a melamine–formaldehyde resin resulting in biobased thermosets having high solvent resistance, high hardness while retaining good flexibility.

The study appeared in the "Journal of Coatings Technology and Research", July 2013, Vol. 10, issue 4.

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