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Sunday, 15 September 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Raw materials, Coatings binders

Novel alkyd-type coating resins produced using cationic polymerisation

Monday, 21 September 2015

Novel, partially bio-based poly(vinyl ether) copolymers derived from soybean oil and cyclohexyl vinyl ether (CHVE) were produced by cationic polymerisation and investigated for application as alkyd-type surface coatings.

Amercian researcerhs investigated bio-based copolymers for application as alkyd-type surface coatings. Source: marika/pixelio.de

Amercian researcerhs investigated bio-based copolymers for application as alkyd-type surface coatings. Source: marika/pixelio.de

Three different polymers were produced and cured clear coatings and free films characterised as a function of CHVE comonomer content and curing conditions. CHVE comonomer content was varied at 0, 25, and 50 wt%, and the three different curing conditions were 1 week at room temperature, 120°C for 1 h, and 150°C for 1 h.

More energy efficient polymer synthesis

The results of the study showed that the thermal, mechanical, and physical properties of the coatings produced from these novel polymers varied considerably as a function of polymer composition and cure temperature. Overall, the results suggest a good potential for these novel copolymers to be used for coatings cured by autoxidation. Compared to conventional alkyd resins, which are produced by high temperature melt condensation polymerisation, these poly(vinyl ether)s provide several advantages. These advantages include milder, more energy efficient polymer synthesis, elimination of issues associated with gelation during polymer synthesis, production of polymers with well-defined composition and relatively narrow molecular weight distribution, and elimination of film formation and physical property issues associated with entrained monomers, dimers, trimers, etc.

The study is published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, July 2015, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 633-646

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