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Thursday, 17 October 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Applications

Preparing asphalt sealants for bridge expansion joints

Tuesday, 5 January 2016

In a study, asphalt sealants were highly modified with a large amount of styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers (SBS), crumb rubber (CR), polypropylene (PP) and a combination of the above modifiers.

The service performance of asphaltic plug joints (APJs) is unsatisfactory. Source: twinlili/pixelio.de

The service performance of asphaltic plug joints (APJs) is unsatisfactory. Source: twinlili/pixelio.de

The service performance of asphaltic plug joints (APJs) is unsatisfactory. Premature cracking, rutting and debonding of APJ filling mixture is strongly related to the relevant properties of the used asphalt sealants. Better understanding on the sealant properties and their relation to the mixture performance is thus needed.

Asphalt sealant’s properties related well to mixture performance

Fluorescence microscopy analysis confirmed the formation of continuous polymer-rich phase, the swelling of crumb particle and the compatibility between the modifier and bitumen. Fundamental research into rheological behaviours was carried out by using viscosity test, dynamic modulus test, creep test and relaxation test. The significant plateau region of rheological master curves and black diagrams demonstrated an extraordinary effect of modification. Asphalt sealant's properties were found to well relate to APJ mixture performance. Finite element (FE) modelling at meso scale provided a favourable result and allowed bridging the gap between sealant properties and mixture performance. The provided test results could be used as a database for the selection and optimisation of asphalt sealant.

The study is published in: Construction and Building Materials, Volume 105, 15 February 2016, Pages 1-13.

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