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Monday, 16 December 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Applications

Polyurethane films with self-healability and flame retardance

Tuesday, 6 August 2019

Scientists recently produced sustainable and tough polyurethane films with self-healability and flame retardance enabled by reversible chemistry and cyclotriphosphazene.

The newly developed polyurethane films are self-healing and flame retardant. Source: Björn Wylezich – stock.adobe.com.

The newly developed polyurethane films are self-healing and flame retardant. Source: Björn Wylezich – stock.adobe.com.

Broadly applied polyurethane (PU) films are required to be self-healing, flame-retardant, recyclable, mechanically reinforced, etc., but integrating these ideal properties into a single system is a huge challenge. On the basis of reversible Diels–Alder (DA) reactions and cyclotriphosphazene, a series of novel self-healing, flame-retardant, recyclable, and mechanically robust polyurethane films (PU-DA-x) was prepared.

Use of cyclotriphosphazene exhibits extraordinary flame retardancy

Owing to the linear polyurethane chains containing pendant furan being effectively cross-linked by tri-maleimide end-capped cyclotriphosphazene through DA covalent bonds, the tensile stress at break and Young's modulus increased by 293 % and 732 %, respectively. Based on the reversible DA reactions, the excellent self-healing capability of the cross-linked polyurethane films was studied qualitatively and quantitatively. In addition, due to the introduction of cyclotriphosphazene, the synthetic polyurethane elastomers exhibited extraordinary flame retardance. In addition, the PU-DA-x films were endowed with good recyclability, relying on the retro-DA/DA process.

The study is published in: Polymer Chemistry, 2019, Issue 30.

Event tip

Learn more about flame-retardant coatings at the European Coatings Fire Forum on 6-7 November in Madrid, Spain.

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