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Tuesday, 19 March 2019
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Raw materials & technologies, Applications

Effect of moisture migration and water vapour pressure build-up on concrete spalling type

Monday, 14 January 2019

In a new study, the effect of moisture migration and water vapor pressure build-up within high-strength concrete (HSC) on its spalling property is empirically investigated at various heating rates and compressive strengths with different water-binder ratios (W/B).

The study confirms that moisture migration and water vapour pressure within the concrete differ, depending upon the W/B and heating rate. Source: congerdesign / Pixabay.
The study confirms that moisture migration and water vapour pressure within the concrete differ, depending upon the W/B and heating rate. Source: c...

An experiment is conducted on concrete specimens with various W/Bs by applying two different heating rates: fast and slow heating. It is confirmed that the moisture migration and water vapour pressure within the concrete differ, depending upon the W/B and heating rate. For HSC with W/B less than 0.33, surface spalling occurs due to the formation of moisture clogs on the surfaces of the concrete specimens, under the fast heating condition.

Explosive spalling due to boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion

For HSC with dense microstructures, although moisture clogs are not formed at specific positions within the concrete specimens, explosive spalling occurs due to boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE) in the concrete pores, under the slow heating condition.

The study is published in: Cement and Concrete Research Volume 116, February 2019, Pages 1-10.

Image source: Pixabay

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